Stem Cells Blossom: Human induced pluripotent cells (iPSC) are stem cells made from ordinary (non-embryonic) skin cells that are given a transformational cocktail of four genes (cMyc, Oct4, Klf4, and Sox2). This allows reprogramming into any adult cell, such as human brain cells shown in the video.
• This breakthrough, first reported in 2006-07 by Shinya Yamanaka (Kyoto Univ. and UCSF), is being recognized by the Millenium Technology Prize. Yamanaka shares the prize with Linux creator, Linus Torvalds.